Woodworking Plans

🔥+ Woodworking Plans 30 May 2020 We have found the easiest way to transfer photos to wood! This project is easy, takes 15 minutes to make and gives you perfect results every time!

Woodworking Plans There are two main types of smoking, cold and hot. Cold smoking is where the temperature is seldom allowed to go over 90° F. This is the method that you use to smoke hams and bacon and allows meat products to be kept for extended periods. Hot smoking is using a very hot smoke to slow cook the fish or meat.Smokehouses can include simple equipment as a charcoal grill for very small amounts of meat, metal barrels, water and electric smokers, and in more extensive ...

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by Woodworking Planshow to Woodworking Plans for Don Vandervort, HomeTips © 1997 to 2020

March 15, 2015

Outdoor stairs and ramps, according to most building codes, must not simply abut but attach to a structure. Stairs may attach with joist hangers and a ramp by means of a ledger; both must have a concrete footing at ground level, though the footing may be shallow and installed over a simple layer of pea gravel to allow for drainage. The stairs or ramp may also require a handrail, so make sure you check with your local building department.

Outdoor wood stairs construction diagram

Building Stairs

Typical outdoor stairs are made up of two or three stringers and treads (see the illustration below). You can buy precut stringers, but if you can’t find one that fits your particular outdoor structure, you can build your own.

the 1 last update 2020/05/30 The first thing you will need to figure out is the total rise and total run of the steps. Total rise is the distance from the ground to the structure’s threshold; the height of each step is the unit rise. Total run—how far out the steps will extend—can be calculated using a little basic math:

Divide the total rise by the recommended height of each step—commonly 7 inches—rounding to the nearest whole number. This will give you the number of steps you will need. Multiply the stair depth—commonly 10 inches (which allows for a slight overhang and a small gap between steps)—by the number of treads, or the number of steps minus 1. This will give you the total run.

Woodworking Planshow to Woodworking Plans for For example, let’s say the total rise is 40 inches. 40 divided by 7 is 5.7. Rounding to 6 gives you the number of steps you will need. 10 times the number of treads, 5 (the number of steps minus 1), results in a total run of 50 inches. the 1 last update 2020/05/30

Outdoor wood ramp construction diagram

To figure out the unit rise, or the rise of each step, simply divide the total rise—40 inches—by the number of steps—6. The unit rise is approximately 6 5/8 inches.

Building Ramps

Because no treads are involved, a ramp is considerably easier to construct. Simply determine your desired slope—measured in inches of vertical rise per linear foot—and cut the stringers accordingly. The acceptable slope for wheelchair access the 1 last update 2020/05/30 is 1-in-12, but if the ramp will mainly be used as a dolly run, for instance, 1-in-8 is fine.Because no treads are involved, a ramp is considerably easier to construct. Simply determine your desired slope—measured in inches of vertical rise per linear foot—and cut the stringers accordingly. The acceptable slope for wheelchair access is 1-in-12, but if the ramp will mainly be used as a dolly run, for instance, 1-in-8 is fine.

 

About Don Vandervort
Don Vandervort has developed his expertise for more than 30 years, as Building Editor for Sunset Books, Senior Editor at Home Magazine, author of more than 30 home improvement books, and writer of countless magazine articles. He appeared for 3 seasons on HGTV’s “The Fix,” and served as MSN’s home expert for several years. Don founded HomeTips in 1996.
Building Outdoor Stairs or Ramp was last modified: March 15th, 2015 by Don Vandervort, HomeTips © 1997 to 2020

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