Woodworking Plans

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Woodworking Plans {This page has four free Advent lesson plans for children based on the nativity scene. It's a comprehensive way to teach kids the story of Jesus birth. This idea is ...Sunday School Teacher's Guide - this is just one possible lesson plan. Visit the ... To end the lesson you could make a Nativity Scene felt bulletin board.|Use these Christmas Bible verses & lesson to share again and again the story of ... even the announcement, it began with The Plan - John 1:1-5; it began with Jesus! ... Matthew 1:18-25 and have them add Mary & Joseph to the Nativity scene.|Nativity scene with shepherds, angels, animals, wise men, and family. Geography: Galilee, Nazareth, Bethlehem. Background: The law had been given. The Old ...|The Nativity worksheets and lesson plan A zipped folder with an ... "Stained Glass" Christian Christmas Nativity Scene Collaboration Poster.|"Stained Glass" Christian Christmas Nativity Scene Collaboration Poster ... 3-10 The Journey to Bethlehem •Lesson Plan •Bible Verse ...|Nativity craft and Bible lesson plan printable activities for Christmas for VBS, Sunday ... The craft allows children to own and make a Nativity scene to place ...|posted by Editor | filed under christmas, lesson plans | affiliate disclosure ... sticks and then have your preschoolers draw their own nativity scene to put inside.|... School Education Major. (Plans may be customized for individual use) ... specific focus, which in this lesson is creating their own Nativity scene. There is an.|Dec 27, 2012 - Explore doodlethreads's board "Nativity (bible lessons)", followed by ... Baby Jesus has been held by everyone in the scene including the angels!|Oct 10, 2015 - How to Plan a Nativity Lesson for a Preschool | Everyday Life ... An excellent lesson for preschoolers! #nativitylessonforpreschooler.|The Nativity. A great prop for this lesson would be a nativity scene that includes Mary, Joseph, baby Jesus, some shepherds and a few animals (and maybe even ...|Every Christmas, many of us put up a cute little manger scene somewhere ... If they had been given exact instructions of God's plan, I doubt they ...|Enriching the Faith Experience. Have the children make colorful birthday cards for Jesus and present them at the parish Nativity scene. Teach the children ...|A small nativity scene. You may want to use a baby doll wrapped in a blanket, lying in a small box. Cut a star from paper to put over the nativity scene. If a nativity ...|Please find a lesson plan and worksheets for the story of Jesus. Children can either fill out the template as independent work or if they would ...|Nativity activity for children to learn all about the manger and who is in the nativity scene. ... experience when it was time to create new lessons for my preschool class. ... Here is another link to the Little People Nativity Scene n which is a ... Easter Eggs, Lego, Leo Lionni, Leopard, Lesson Plan, Lesson Plans ...|Christmas Nativity- Scroll down to this craft. A simple nativity scene comprising of Mary, Joseph, Baby Jesus and a lamb - great for gluing to a stable background.|Teach Children Ages 4-12 About The Nativity with our turn-key lesson plans. ... We've crafted turn-key lessons that put children squarely at the manger scene in ...|A colorful display backround for your small Nativity scene. Simply print off, laminate ... RE: The Nativity Story Year 3 Planning Overview · The Nativity Colouring ...|Download The Nativity Movie unit study and use it as a family Bible ... Reason #2: It tells the story behind what the Nativity scene is meant to represent. ... Teaching the Gifts of Christmas: A Christ Centered Family Christmas ...|Introduce craft: Where was Jesus born? In a stable. fcpeace.com- Paper Bag Manger Scene Preschool Christian Crafts by Linda Standke, page ...|You'll find more themes to help you with your planning on my preschool ... Enjoy this very special time of year teaching about and celebrating the reason for the ... fronts with Jesus in a manger or Mary, Joseph and Jesus in the stable scenes ...|A lovely way to create a nativity scene for Christmas. ... Share This Lesson ... To make this a Christmas theme, take a nativity pattern (I drew my own, but you can find patterns on calendars, clip ... Click HERE for Even MORE Art Lesson Plans.|Optional: Use our nativity scene coloring page & crayons. You could also ... Browse our free advent coloring pages or explore all our free Christmas lesson plans.|Use nativity scenes from old Christmas cards to make a card announcing the ... Check the Teaching Ideas page on this website for ideas that are adaptable to ...|Nativity Scene Kids Craft Round-Up · Lesson Plans | CraftGossip.com… […]Nativity Scene from Recyclables…from Dollar Store Crafts. Clay Pot ...|Teaching Resources, Primary Resources, Twinkl, Primary School Resources ... The Nativity or Christmas Story is from around 2000 years ago. ... Schools usually recreate the nativity play which is the scene of Jesus' birth and shows how Mary and Joseph were visited by ... RE: The Nativity Story Year 3 Planning Overview.|One of Dayton's prized treasures is the collection of Nativity scenes at the ... Lesson plans: World Nativity lesson plans prepared by education ...|Activity: Our Nativity Scene. Let students express their creativity and artistic talent by bringing the Nativity to life through puppets. It doesn't have to be daunting, and ...|Nativity Clip Art Scenes | Clipart library - Free Clipart Images. Free Christmas ... Lesson Plans of an OCD Primary Chorister: Activity: Christmas Song. Nativity ...|Print what you need for your Christmas Bible Lessons. Free for ... A free printable Bible puzzle of the Nativity Scene. Children ... Christmas Bible Lesson Plans.|Here are some Nativity Scenes and Christmas story ideas and Christmas Story books ... Preschool Christmas Story books, rhymes, craft, song, and nativity scene.|Read how to make your own felt nativity set to use for story retelling and comprehension. ... view this nativity scene with a bit more reverence than a typical plastic toy. ... Stay At Home Educator, a website about intentional teaching and purposeful learning ... I plan on starting this in January to hopefully complete by next year.|Discover ideas about Preschool Lessons. Preschool Sunday School craft; nativity scene; Christmas. Preschool LessonsSunday School CraftsLesson ...|SOPHIA INSTITUTE FOR TEACHERS. LESSON PLAN can add the cutout of the Baby Jesus. Encourage students to take their Nativity Scenes ...|The scene is placed in a animal barn, called a manger, and has the characters from the ... Christmas Lesson Plans · Christmas Lesson Plan Ideas · Christmas ... This wonderful series of lessons and reading comprehension worksheets helps ...|We Play Nativity Scene: How to retell the Nativity scene using a small world pieces or ... Preschool Christmas Themed Classroom Lesson Plans.|The Nativity Story retells the story of Jesus' birth, focusing on the relationship ... What do you think is the most important lesson Mary and Joseph learn over the course of the ... What was your favorite scene or scenes from the film and why?|Displaying a nativity scene (or manger set) in your home during Advent is a great way ... Look ahead to see what's coming up so you can plan small celebrations ...|This is a fun way to get your students involved and tap into their creativity! Share. About kayla. Happily authoring posts about lesson ...|The National Conference of Catechetical Leadership presents lessons inspired ... All extend their hands over the Nativity Scene in a sign of blessing. ... Bo develop a plan to escape and then promises he'll wait for him when it doesn't work out.|Incorporate these magnets into your lesson plan to reenact the birth of Jesus in ... O Holy Night Nativity Scene 24-Piece Wooden Christmas Jigsaw Puzzle with ...|These Christmas nativity coloring pages for kids feature images of Mary, Joseph and baby Jesus, and also include manger scene coloring pages. Download all ...|about His plan. God's plan was for Jesus to be born in a manger. A king born in a ... LESSON. Session Title: Jesus Was Born. Bible Passage: Luke 2:1-20 ... Instructions: Circle the items that do not belong in this picture of the manger scene.|Christmas Preschool Lesson Plans (Nativity Printable Pack) ... I let the kids use watercolor paints to paint their own background scene. The kids also really enjoy ...|... the website where English Language teachers exchange resources: worksheets, lesson plans, activities, etc. ... nativity scene worksheet.|This free printable Nativity craft for kids will teach your kids about ... This would be easy to incorporate in any homeschool lesson plan or family Bible study. ... Easy Graham Cracker Nativity Scene Christmas Stained Glass Art ...|My mother-in-law set up a Nativity scene in the kitchen on Dec. ... devotionals that trace God's redemptive plan from the beginning, long before Jesus was born.|Free Christian Preschool Lessons, Christian Preschool Printables, Christmas ... Bible Theme: Nativity ... If there is a live Nativity scene in your town, take the|he nativity scene or special exhibition of art objects representing the scene of the birth of Jesus has different names in Spanish. Share the ... Nativity Scene Names in Spanish Infographic. Nativity ... with lesson plans, trainings, songs and more!|If you are looking for some ideas for teaching Las Posadas in your classroom, ... or carry statues from their nativity scenes (nacimientos) as they walk, ... If you are planning to do a poinsettia craft as part of your Posada study, ...|I promised to share a nativity tutorial and lesson plan in this concluding post. ... and also figures/objects that did not belong to the nativity scene.|Visitors drive past each station, finally arriving at the manger scene. Little to no memorization required. For older youth and adults. Bethlehem Walk A group of ...|that you plan your lesson carefully beforehand, selecting the activities you plan ... You may have your own nativity scene or your church may have one that you.|Jesus' bed was the manger that the animals ate their hay from. In the hills ... But Herod did not tell them that he really had an evil plan in mind to kill the new king.|We were asked to sing 2-3 songs and have the kids act out the scene. Well, this year's plan came about from a friend who's taken over subbing ...|One is the nativity scene and the other is a scene with Santa. Save. 5. Fill the Christmas Tree. I love this activity because it's simple and hands- ...|Born In A Stable is a very simple Nativity song perfect for introducing small ... Check out our Christmas lesson plan for lots more musical and ...|When I look at the nativity scene, I see the amazing story of the ... We know that Joseph was planning on divorcing Mary quietly before the ...|Aquarium Perspective Lesson Art for kids – Leah Newton Art Explore high quality art lesson plans, a thematically based art curriculum, and student artwork ...|In its present form the custom of displaying figures depicting the birth of Jesus Christ owes its origin to St. Francis of Assisi, who made the Christmas crèche or ...|Find baby jesus lesson plans and teaching resources. From baby jesus is born worksheets ... Follow the Star Passport/Nativity Story Lesson Plan. Lesson Planet ...|About Christmas Nativity Scene. Crayola ... online community for Canadian Educators with access to free lesson plans, educator resources and online shopping!|Nativity Scenes in Renaissance Tuscan art ... (Contains a lesson plan) ... -weber/caravaggio-nativity-scene-christmas-lessons_b_1156620.html.|Discuss how Italian children frequently make nativity scenes as part of their Christmas celebration. Science: Stars and Constellations. Read: Glow ...|What are the different names given to the “Nativity Scene”? d. What is “Noche Buena”? What is “Dia de las Velitas”? What is “Las. Posadas” What is “La Misa de ...|Now let's get creative and make memories completing a fun project with your kids! Edible Gingerbread Nativity Scene. Ingredients. 4 oz. Toasted ...|Like this lesson Share ... The nativity scene is a staple in French homes at Christmastime. ... Begin by showing the class the photos of the nativity scenes. Now ...|While it is fun acting in a Nativity play, or a live Nativity scene in front of your church, don't ... Nativity Craft – Preschool Printable Lesson Plan Activities and crafts.|Christmas Traditions of the Past and Present: Teaching the History of Christmas ... including Christmas trees, Christmas lights, nativity scenes, garlands, ... Below are resources and lesson plans social studies teachers can ...|Christmas Nativity Scene craft for kids - Preschool Toolkit. For information on cookies ... A nativity scene is an important part of Christmas. Kids can learn more ... Preschool Unit Lesson Plans for a full year · STEAM KIDS 50+ ...|Build your own pop-up Nativity scene with this paper cutout and decorate it for Christmas! ... Fold and Stand. Fold the pieces and stand them up to create the Nativity scene! ... More Ideas. Poverty Lesson Plan: Hunger · Projects · Stories ...|Baby Jesus in a Manger Christmas Ornament Craft for Kids ... There are so many wonderful lessons there that I plan to teach my Sunday School kids (aged 3-7 and occasionally an older one) ... Luke 2:11 is displayed under the nativity scene.|Grab this Free Printable Nativity Scene, get out crayons, markers and colored ... the kids engaged during the lesson with activities like the Nativity Felt Set, ... Are you on the church Christmas Pageant planning committee?|Learn how to do homeschooling through the nativity with this FREE unit study ... I especially love the footprint manger plate and the popsicle nativity scene. ... I am so glad to find a full complete lesson plan to use with my six year old twin boys.|We have 30 The Star Movie lesson plans, activities, coloring pages, worksheets, and resources that are perfect for ... Complete a color by number Nativity scene.|This might be Santa and his reindeers, or a nativity scene, for example. ... software, over 150 lesson plans aligned with international standards and professional ...|Nativity scene of my childhood is a Bible lesson of God's love in sending Jesus to be born.|... Ideas: The Nativity Song Singing Time Lesson Plan for primary music ... This will make for a great nativity scene with all the kids as active ...

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Piece of furniture for sitting on
This article is about furniture. For other uses, see Chair (disambiguation).

Chair, circa 1772, mahogany, covered in modern red morocco leather, height: 97.2 cm, Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York City)
A bronze chair leg (dating back to 12th century), from Angkor (Cambodia) and crafted in Angkor Wat style

One of the basic pieces of furniture, a chair is a type of seat. Its primary features are two pieces of a durable material, attached as back and seat to for 1 last update 2020/06/01 one another at a 90° or slightly greater angle, with usually the four corners of the horizontal seat attached in turn to four legs—or other parts of the seat''s thighs and knees to form a 90° or lesser angle.[1][2] Used in a number of rooms in homes (e.g. in living rooms, dining rooms, and dens), in schools and offices (with desks), and in various other workplaces, chairs may be made of wood, metal, or synthetic materials, and either the seat alone or the entire chair may be padded or upholstered in various colors and fabrics. One of the basic pieces of furniture, a chair is a type of seat. Its primary features are two pieces of a durable material, attached as back and seat to one another at a 90° or slightly greater angle, with usually the four corners of the horizontal seat attached in turn to four legs—or other parts of the seat''s thighs and knees to form a 90° or lesser angle.[1][2] Used in a number of rooms in homes (e.g. in living rooms, dining rooms, and dens), in schools and offices (with desks), and in various other workplaces, chairs may be made of wood, metal, or synthetic materials, and either the seat alone or the entire chair may be padded or upholstered in various colors and fabrics.

Woodworking Planshow to Woodworking Plans for Chairs vary in design. An armchair has armrests fixed to the seat;[3] a recliner is upholstered and under its seat is a mechanism that allows one to lower the chair''chairman''chair''s chairs – chair seats were sometimes only 10 inches (25 cm) high.[12] In ancient Egypt chairs appear to have been of great richness and splendor. Fashioned of ebony and ivory, or of carved and gilded wood, they were covered with costly materials, magnificent patterns and supported upon representations of the legs of beasts or the figures of captives. Generally speaking, the higher ranked an individual was, the taller and more sumptuous was the chair he sat on and the greater the honor. On state occasions the pharaoh sat on a throne, often with a little footstool in front of it.[13]

The average Egyptian family seldom had chairs, and if they did, it was usually only the master of the household who sat on a chair. Among the better off, the chairs might be painted to look like the ornate inlaid and carved chairs of the rich, but the craftsmanship was usually poor.[12]

The Monobloc chair is a lightweight stackable polypropylene chair, usually white in colour, often described as the world''t until the twelfth century that chairs became widespread in China. Scholars disagree on the reasons for the adoption of the chair. The most common theories are that the chair was an outgrowth of indigenous Chinese furniture, that it evolved from a camp stool imported from Central Asia, that it was introduced to China by Christian missionaries in the seventh century, and that the chair came to China from India as a form of Buddhist monastic furniture. In modern China, unlike Korea or Japan, it is no longer common to sit at floor level.[15]

In Europe, it was owing in great measure to the Renaissance that the chair ceased to be a privilege of state and became a standard item of furniture for anyone who could afford to buy it. Once the idea of privilege faded the chair speedily came into general use. Almost at once the chair began to change every few years to reflect the fashions of the day.[16]

In the 1880s, chairs became more common in American households and usually there was a chair provided for every family member to sit down to dinner. By the 1830s, factory-manufactured “fancy chairs” like those by Sears. Roebuck, and Co. allowed families to purchase machined sets. With the Industrial Revolution, chairs became much more available.[17]

The Sacco chair, designed in 1968, is now the basis of bean bag chairs

The 20th century saw an increasing use of technology in chair construction with such things as all-metal folding chairs, metal-legged chairs, the Slumber Chair,[citation needed] moulded plastic chairs and ergonomic chairs.[18] The recliner became a popular form, at least in part due to radio and television. The 20th century saw an increasing use of technology in chair construction with such things as all-metal folding chairs, metal-legged chairs, the Slumber Chair,[citation needed] moulded plastic chairs and ergonomic chairs.[18] The recliner became a popular form, at least in part due to radio and television.

The modern movement of the 1960s produced new forms of chairs: the butterfly chair (originally called the Hardoy chair), bean bags, and the egg-shaped pod chair that turns. It also introduced the first mass-produced plastic chairs such as the Bofinger chair in 1966.[19] Technological advances led to molded plywood and wood laminate chairs, as well as chairs made of leather or polymers. Mechanical technology incorporated into the chair enabled adjustable chairs, especially for office use. Motors embedded in the chair resulted in massage chairs.[20]

Materials

Metal chairs in the Tuileries Garden, Paris, France

Chairs can be made from wood, metal, or other strong materials, like stone or acrylic. In some cases, multiple materials are used to construct a chair; for example, the legs and frame may be made from metal and the seat and back may be made from plastic. Chairs may have hard surfaces of wood, metal, plastic, or other materials, or some or all of these hard surfaces may be covered with upholstery or padding. The design may be made of porous materials, or be drilled with holes for decoration; a low back or gaps can provide ventilation. The back may extend above the height of the occupant'' sugar.[24]

Design and ergonomics

S Chair, designed by Verner Panton
The difference between Leg Room and Seat Pitch

Chair design considers intended usage, ergonomics (how comfortable it is for the occupant),[25] as well as non-ergonomic functional requirements such as size, stacking ability, folding ability, weight, durability, stain resistance, and artistic design. Intended usage determines the desired seating position. "", or any chair intended for people to work at a desk or table, including dining chairs, can only recline very slightly; otherwise the occupant is too far away from the desk or table. Dental chairs are necessarily reclined. Easy chairs for watching television or movies are somewhere in between depending on the height of the screen.

Ergonomic design distributes the weight of the occupant to various parts of the body. A seat that is higher results in dangling feet and increased pressure on the underside of the knees (""/wiki/Popliteal_fossa""Popliteal fossa""). It may also result in no weight on the feet which means more weight elsewhere. A lower seat may shift too much weight to the "" (""/wiki/Ischial_tuberosities""mw-redirect""Ischial tuberosities"").

Woodworking Planshow to Woodworking Plans for A reclining seat and back will shift weight to the occupant''s buttocks, weight is distributed and maximum pressure is reduced.

Churchchairs

Actual chair dimensions are determined by measurements of the human body or anthropometric measurements. The two most relevant anthropometric measurement for chair design is the popliteal height and buttock popliteal length.

For someone seated, the popliteal height is the distance from the underside of the foot to the underside of the thigh at the knees. It is sometimes called the "". The term "" is reserved for the height to the top of the head when seated. For American men, the median popliteal height is 16.3 inches (410 mm) and for American women it is 15.0 inches (380 mm).[27] The popliteal height, after adjusting for heels, clothing and other issues, is used to determine the height of the chair seat. Mass-produced chairs are typically 17 inches (430 mm) high.[citation needed]

For someone seated, the buttock popliteal length is the horizontal distance from the back most part of the buttocks to the back of the lower leg. This anthropometric measurement is used to determine the seat depth. Mass-produced chairs are typically 15–17 inches (38–43 cm) deep.[citation needed]

Woodworking Planshow to Woodworking Plans for Additional anthropometric measurements may be relevant to designing a chair. Research has shown that the best seated posture is a reclined posture of 100°–110°.[28] Hip breadth is used for chair width and armrest width. Elbow rest height is used to determine the height of the armrests. The buttock-knee length is used to determine "" between rows of chairs. "" is the distance between rows of seats. In some airplanes and stadiums the leg room (the seat pitch less the thickness of the seat at thigh level) is so small that it is sometimes insufficient for the average person.

For adjustable chairs, such as an office chair, the aforementioned principles are applied in adjusting the chair to the individual occupant. Caster wheels are attached to the feet of chairs to give more mobility. Gas springs are attached to the body of the chair in order to give height adjustment and more comfort to the user.

Woodworking Planshow to Woodworking Plans for Armrests

Main article: Armrest
Italian design chair "", by Arnaldo dell''s back (backrest).

Some systems include:

Standards and specifications

Highly decorated carved-back chairs in Mexico

Design considerations for chairs have been codified into standards. ISO 9241, "", is the most common one for modern chair design.

There are multiple specific standards for different types of chairs. Dental chairs are specified by ISO 6875. Bean bag chairs are specified by ANSI standard ASTM F1912-98.[30] ISO 7174 specifies stability of rocking and tilting chairs. ASTM F1858-98 specifies plastic the 1 last update 2020/06/01 lawn chairs. ASTM E1822-02b defines the combustibility of chairs when they are stacked. There are multiple specific standards for different types of chairs. Dental chairs are specified by ISO 6875. Bean bag chairs are specified by ANSI standard ASTM F1912-98.[30] ISO 7174 specifies stability of rocking and tilting chairs. ASTM F1858-98 specifies plastic lawn chairs. ASTM E1822-02b defines the combustibility of chairs when they are stacked.

The Business and Institutional Furniture Manufacturer''s Canadian General Standards Board CAN/CGSB 44.15M[33] on "" or CAN/CGSB 44.232-2002 on "").

Chairs may be rated by the length of time that they may be used comfortably – an 8-hour chair, a 24-hour chair, and so on. Such chairs are specified for tasks which require extended periods of sitting, such as for receptionists or supervisors of a control panel.

for 1 last update 2020/06/01 AccessoriesAccessories

AISI 304 stainless steel laboratory chair with gas springs and caster wheels, a specific type of chair for a work environment

In place of a built-in footrest, some chairs come with a matching ottoman. An ottoman is a short stool that is intended to be used as a footrest but can sometimes be used as a stool. If matched to a glider chair, the ottoman may be mounted on swing arms so that the ottoman rocks back and forth with the main glider.

A chair cover is a temporary fabric cover for a side chair. They are typically rented for formal events such as wedding receptions to increase the attractiveness of the chairs and decor. The chair covers may come with decorative chair ties, a ribbon to be tied as a bow behind the chair. Covers for sofas and couches are also available for homes with small children and pets. In the second half of the 20th century, some people used custom clear plastic covers for expensive sofas and chairs to protect them.

Chair pads are cushions for chairs. They contain cotton or foam for padding. Some are decorative. In cars, they may be used to increase the height of the driver. Orthopedic backrests provide support for the back. Car seats sometimes have built-in and adjustable lumbar supports. These can also be used on kitchen chairs.

Chair mats are mats meant to cover different types of flooring. They are usually made from plastic. This allows chairs on wheels to roll easily over the carpet and protects the carpet or floor. They come in various shapes, some specifically sized to fit partially under a desk.

Remote control bags can be draped over the arm of easy chairs or sofas and used to hold remote controls for home cinemas. They are counter-weighted so as to not slide off the arms under the weight of the remote controls.

Chair glides are attached to the feet of chairs to prevent them from scratching or snagging on the floor.

As sculptural and art forms

Chair sculpture by Steve Mann, exhibited at San Francisco Art Institute, 2001, comprises spikes that retract when a credit card is inserted to download a seating license.
The Twelve Chairs monument in Odessa – Deribassovskaya street (Ukraine)

The Broken Chair is a monumental sculpture in wood, constructed of 5.5 tons of wood, 12 metres (39 ft) high standing across the street from the Palace of Nations in Geneva. It has broken leg symbolizing opposition to land mines and cluster bombs. In 2001, Steve Mann exhibited a chair sculpture at San Francisco Art Institute. The chair had spikes that retracted when a credit card was inserted to download a seating license. Later other museums and galleries were equipped with the "" chair, with a global central seating license server located in Toronto. The first sitting session was free, with a database of persons who had already used their free session.

In a performance piece at the 2012 Republican Political Convention, Clint Eastwood addressed an empty chair, as if it represented President Barack Obama (meant to be construed as MIA or ineffectual). The address was controversial, whether it was poignant or bizarre.[34] Japanese designer Tokujin Yoshioka has created several chairs as art forms such as "": honey-comb paper chair (2001), "": natural fiber chair (2006), "": natural crystal chair (2007).

In language

  • If someone "" after being informed about something, it was because they were very shocked or surprised.[35]
  • An orchestra awards the best player in a particular section a "" or "" based on ability. The first chair of the section plays the solos, and in string sections, determines the bowings. In professional orchestras, the first chair player receives higher pay. It is also common for this position to be known as "", a reference to the portable lectern on which the musicians put their sheet music. However, the person who is first chair in the first violin section is usually referred to as the concertmaster in the US or leader in the UK.
  • In academia, an endowed chair is a prestigious appointment for a professor, paid for by a dedicated funding source.
  • A chair is the highest officer of an organized group, such as the chair of the board, the head of the Board of Directors in a company or non-profit organization.
  • ""/wiki/Musical_chairs""Musical chairs"" is a common party game, and a colloquial expression to describe people shuffling from seat to seat, around different locations, or from one job title to another.
  • In American slang, to say someone will "" is to say that they will be executed by an electric chair.[36] Alternatively, it can be a metaphor for other harsh punishment.[36]

See also

References

  1. ^ "". The Free Dictionary By Farlex. Retrieved 13 May 2012.Woodworking Planshow to Woodworking Plans for
  2. ^ "". Dictionary.com. Retrieved 13 May 2012.
  3. ^ Woodworking Planshow to Woodworking Plans for "". The Free Dictionary By Farlex. Retrieved 13 the 1 last update 2020/06/01 May13 May 2012.
  4. ^^ "". Dictionary.com. Retrieved 13 May 2012.
  5. ^ Woodworking Planshow to Woodworking Plans for "". Dictionary.com. Retrieved 13 May 2012. for 1 last update 2020/06/01
  6. ^ "". Retrieved 14 February 2017."". Retrieved 14 February 2017.
  7. ^^ "". www.parliament.uk. Retrieved 13 May 2012. for 1 last update 2020/06/01
  8. ^ "". The House of Commons. Retrieved 13 May 2012.
  9. ^ "". The Free Dictionary By Farlex. Retrieved 13 May 2012.
  10. ^ ""Endowed Chair?Woodworking Planshow to Woodworking Plans for "". The University of Utah. Retrieved 13 May 2012. the 1 last update 2020/06/01
  11. ^ Cregan-Reid, Vybarr (26 October 2018). "". The Conversation. Retrieved 9 for 1 last update 2020/06/01 November9 November 2018.
  12. ^ a b "". Ancient Egyptian Furniture. Archived from the original on 21 October 2008. Retrieved Woodworking Planshow to Woodworking Plans for 13 May 2012.
  13. ^ "". Ancient Egyptian Furniture. Archived from the original on 21 October 2008. Retrieved 13 May 2012.
  14. Woodworking Planshow to Woodworking Plans for ^ "". TreeHugger. Retrieved Woodworking Planshow to Woodworking Plans for 2017-06-11. for 1 last update 2020/06/01
  15. ^ Kieschnick, John. The Impact of Buddhism on Chinese Material Culture, Princeton University Press, 2003, pp. 222–248.
  16. ^ "". Random History. Retrieved 13 for 1 last update 2020/06/01 May13 May 2012.
  17. ^ Woodworking Planshow to Woodworking Plans for "". Random History. Retrieved 13 May 2012."". Random History. Retrieved 13 May 2012.
  18. Woodworking Planshow to Woodworking Plans for ^^ "". Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety. Retrieved Woodworking Planshow to Woodworking Plans for 13 May 2012.
  19. ^ Glenday, Craig (September 2015). Guinness World Records 2016. p. 149. ISBN 978-1-910561-01-0.
  20. ^ "". About.com Furniture. Archived from the original on 23 June 2012. Retrieved 13 the 1 last update 2020/06/01 May13 May 2012.
  21. ^ "". Home-Designing. March 2009. Retrieved Woodworking Planshow to Woodworking Plans for 13 May 2012.
  22. ^ "". BornRich: Home of Luxur. Archived from the original on 25 April 2012. Retrieved 13 May 2012.
  23. ^ "". 21 March 2012. Archived from the original on 9 July 2015. Retrieved 21 July 2017.
  24. ^ Woodworking Planshow to Woodworking Plans for LaBarre, Suzanne (19 April 2011). "". Co.DESIGN. Retrieved 21 July 2017.
  25. ^ "". Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety. Retrieved 13 May 2012. the 1 last update 2020/06/01
  26. ^ Alan Hedge, ed. (2017). "". Ergonomic Workplace Design for Health, Wellness and Productivity. CRC Press. ISBN 978-1-4665-9843-0.
  27. ^ "". cdc.gov. Archived from the original on 30 March 2009.
  28. ^^ Hedge, chapter 1.3.3
  29. ^ "". The Living Age. Fifth series. V. Boston: Little and Gay. 1874. p. 105.
  30. ^ "". 7 February 2007. Archived from the original on 7 February 2007. Retrieved 21 July 2017.Woodworking Planshow to Woodworking Plans for
  31. ^ "". bifma.org.
  32. ^ "". state.tx.us. Archived from the original on 8 September 2006. Retrieved 21 July 2017.
  33. ^ "". TechStreet.com. the 1 last update 2020/06/01
  34. Woodworking Planshow to Woodworking Plans for ^ Woodworking Planshow to Woodworking Plans for Tina Daunt. "". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 7 January 2016.
  35. ^^ "". Cambridge Dictionary. Retrieved Woodworking Planshow to Woodworking Plans for 22 August 2016.
  36. ^ a b "". Dictionary.com. Retrieved 22 August 2016.Woodworking Planshow to Woodworking Plans for

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Woodworking Planshow to Woodworking Plans for Edit links